Thursday, April 24, 2014

1954 Sealtest Recipes

"The people who have achieved, who have become large, strong vigorous people, who have reduced their infant mortality, who are the best trades in the world, who have an appreciation of art, literature and music, who are progressive in science and in every activity of the human intellect, are the people who have used liberal amounts of milk and its products." Dr. E. V. McCollum, Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry, The John Hopkins University


We may not believe this 'science' today but we still love our dairy products.

Here are some of the recipes Sealtest developed in 1954 for American homes.

Champion's Soup
1 8 oz can salmon
1 cup Sealtest milk
1 tbsp. butter
1 tbsp. chopped onion
2 tbsp. flour
dash of Tabasco
2 cups Sealtest cottage cheese.
Drain salmon; add liquid to milk. Melt butter in heavy saucepan and add onion and cook slowly until tender. Add flour; mix well. Add milk all at once. Cook over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, until thickened. Add Tabasco, chees and flaked salmon. Reheat stirring constantly. This soup has a rather tart, deliciously unusual flavor.

Creamed Eggs in Bologna Cups
4 tbsp. margarine
4 tbsp. flour
2 cups Sealtest milk
salt and pepper
8 hardboiled eggs
6 slices bologna, skin left on.
Melt butter I heavy saucepan. Add flour; mix well. Pour in milk all at once and immediately stir vigorously over moderate heat until thickened. Season with salt and pepper. Add quartered or sliced eggs; reheat stirring very lightly. Heat bologna slices slowly in frying pan in small amount of butter or other fat until they for cup shapes. Fill with creamed eggs. Sprinkle with paprika.

Butterscotch Trifle
1 pkg butterscotch pudding mix
1 1/2 cups of Sealtest milk
1 1/4 cups of fine graham cracker crumbs
2/3 cup shredded coconut
1/4 cup brown sugar
1/2 c Sealtest whipping cream
1/3 cup melted butter
Prepare pudding according to package using only 1 1/2 cups of milk. Stir in coconut. Cool.
Mix 1 cup of graham cracker crumbs with sugar and butter. Press into the bottom of a 10" x 6" x 2" pan. Chill. Spread cooled pudding over crust. Chill several hours. Cut into rectangles. Whip cream until almost stiff, fold in remaining crumbs and serve on rectangles.

Yogurt was well enjoyed in Europe at this time, but was new in American grocery stores.

Orange Waldorf Salad
1 large unpeeled red apple diced
2 oranges peeled and cut into sections
1/2 cup diced celery
1/2 c Sweet Sour Fruit Dressing: 1 cup Sealtest  cottage cheese; 1 half-pint Sealtest yogurt; 1 tbsp. sugar; 1 tbsp. mayonnaise; 1/4 cup frozen orange juice concentrate. Press cottage cheese through sieve. mix all together and beat with rotary beater until fluffy.

1/4 cup sopped nuts
grated orange rind
Mix diced apple, orange sections, and celery in a bowl. Moisten with dressing. Serve on lettuce. Sprinkle with nuts and rind.

Sealtest offered basic advice about shopping, menu planning, and nutrition. Even a guide to sandwich making.
Down-to-earth Sandwiches: Banana Cheese
Spread 12 slices of  canned or homemade brown bread with 1 cup of cottage cheese. Top half with think slices of banana. Put slices together.
I'll pass.


Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin--FINALLY FINISHED

"...I stood in the presence of the great guiding light of the age." Judge Joseph Mills

I have lived with Abraham Lincoln and his cabinet for over a year. I savored each episode as one holds a sip of fine wine on one's tongue. I held each sparkling story in my mind before I read on. Instead of my usual gallop through a book, I read in a week what I usually would read in an evening.

"I consider the central idea that is upon us, of proving that popular government is not an absurdity. We must settle this question now, whether in a free government the minority have the right to break up the government whenever they choose. If we fail it will go far to prove the incapability of the people to govern themselves." Abraham Lincoln

Many men wanted to be president. Some took it for granted that they would be elected the presidential candidate for the new Republican party. When the least likely candidate won there were some hard feelings. No one expected much of Lincoln. When William Seward lost to Lincoln, and was asked to take the position of Secretary of State, Seward thought he would be the power behind the throne. Instead he became Lincoln's greatest supporter and admirer and his close friend.

Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin is about how Lincoln used the skills of his political foes for the good of the country. It is also a moving portrait of a remarkable leader of great insight, intelligence, and constraint.

Secretary of War Edwin Stanton was a Quaker by birth and pacifist by nature. Lincoln himself was considered 'soft-hearted' and saddened by the human toll of war. "Doesn't it strike you as queer that I, who couldn't cut the head off a chicken, should be cast into the middle of a great war, with blood flowing al around?" "There could be no greater madness," Stanton said, "than for a man to encounter what I do for anything less than motives that overleap time and look forward to eternity."

A government by the people, for the people. It was an experiment worth even the blood of the people to ensure it's success. The Confederacy considered itself a separate country. If the Federal Government valued peace over unity, it would not last. The Civil War was a war to end all possibility of war among the states of America.

Treasury Secretary Salmon Chase was a radical abolitionist who sought the presidential nomination and lost to Lincoln in 1860. In 1864 he conducted a secret bid to be a presidential candidate running against Lincoln. Lincoln understood Chase's desperate need for recognition, and although Chase was no end of trouble, he  respected the man's abilities. After Chase has resigned from the cabinet Lincoln offered Chase the position of Supreme Court Chief-Justice. Not because Lincoln wanted to reward Chase, but because "the decision was right for the country." Lincoln was that great a man that he could put aside personal feelings, toss off all prejudices, and view choices from the greater perspective of eternity. It was Chief-Justice Chase who swore in Lincoln at his second inauguration!

I dreaded those last pages, the death of Lincoln. But I knew what had happened to Abe and his family afterwards, I had read stories and books and seen the documentaries. What I was not prepared for was the assassination attempt on Secretary of State William H Seward. He was bedridden after a brutal carriage accident left him with a broken jaw and shoulder. The assassin pushed his way into the sickroom. Seward's son Frank tried to protect his father and the assassin slashed him with a knife. Frank died of his injuries. I was sadly ignorant of Seward, except for knowledge of "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska, but Goodwin's portrait of Seward and his importance to Lincoln and the country caused me to shudder and nearly come to tears when I read about the assassination attempt, which took place at the same time as the assassination of Lincoln. 

Indeed, all of the men who served with Lincoln are so vividly drawn we come to know them and esteem them as Lincoln did.

President Lincoln. His is a mythic presence across the world. Goodwin's book makes it clear what kind of man he was, how he operated as a political leader, and plumbs his deep humanity.

The movie Lincoln was a wonderful film BUT movies are entertainment, and even when based on excellent motives, are made to make money. One should be always aware that not everything in a movie is historical fact. Art can move a viewer in ways most historical writing can not, and if the viewer then seeks to learn more, opens to new ideas, experiences a new awareness, then art has served its purpose. At times, mostly during the war, I did bog down, but overall Goodwin's characterizations were deeply drawn and her portrait of Lincoln made me believe I really know him as a man, a politician, a leader, and as the moral compass of an age.

For some insights into historical blops in the move read

Visit the Doris Kearns Goodwin's website at

Note: I read Goodwin's book No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II when it came out and it is remarkable. And I read it quite quickly! Her book Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream was the first LBJ book I read. I have been fascinated by LBJ ever since mock election in junior high when I was told about his Great Society dream. I have Robert Caro's The Passage of Power on my shelf to be read. His Master of the Senate was one of the most remarkable books I have read.

Jane Austen Family Album Block Three

The third block, Cross Within a Cross, represents Jane's father the Rev. George Austen. I decided I wanted a cross to stand out, and used a high value contrast dark green next to the inner white cross. The larger cross is the red striped fabric. I did some fussy cutting of the prints. But the red fabric has strips going every which way, because why be too formal? Austen may be a product of the Age of Reason, not the Romantic movement, but she had a feel for the ridiculous. So I can't have things too serious! 

So here are my first three blocks together.

I am using MODA French General fat quarters I bought from a bargain bin a year ago. I didn't know what I would do with them at the time, I just liked the quiet grey, red and brown colors and great prints. I went on eBay and found some additional yardage so I will have enough fabric for this project. I added the red strip and the off white tone on tone cream from my stash, and also the dark green.
This project makes a nice balance to the Love Entwined applique quilt. Pieced, easily accomplished in a few hours, and a more subtle and sophisticated fabric palette.
Follow Barbara Brackman's blog and patterns at

Monday, April 21, 2014

Roots of Understanding: Letters To A Young Poet by Ranier Maria Rilke

"I beg you, to have patience with everything unresolved in your heart and to try to love the questions themselves as if they were locked rooms or books written in a very foreign language. Don’t search for the answers, which could not be given to you now, because you would not be able to live them. And the point is to live everything. Live the questions now. Perhaps then, someday far in the future, you will gradually, without even noticing it, live your way into the answer."

I was in my late 20s when I stumbled across Stephen Mitchell's translation of Rainer Maria Rilke's Letters To A Young Poet in a downtown Philadelphia bookstore. I had never read him before, or even had heard of him. Soon after I started to read his poetry. I read his Duino Elegies while sitting on cliffs overlooking the ocean in Maine.

The creature gazes into openness with all
its eyes. But our eyes are
as if they were reversed, and surround it,
everywhere, like barriers against its free passage.
We know what is outside us from the animal’s
face alone: since we already turn
the young child round and make it look
backwards at what is settled, not that openness
that is so deep in the animal’s vision. Free from death.
We alone see that: the free creature
has its progress always behind it,
and God before it, and when it moves, it moves
in eternity, as streams do.
We never have pure space in front of us,
not for a single day, such as flowers open
endlessly into. Always there is world,
and never the Nowhere without the Not: the pure,
unwatched-over, that one breathes and
endlessly knows, without craving.
Generations of aspiring writers have turned to Rilke's letters. But what I most found in them was advice on how to LIVE. Most importantly, how to accept the unknown and the frightening things in life as part of life. He said that the things we encounter are not external threats, but arise from our inner selves and are part of ourselves. So we should not be frightened. If we trust the process we will live into the answers. "Life is right, in any case."

I loved his advice to turn to one's childhood as a creative source. Because of this advice I wrote several poems about childhood memories.

"And if you were in some prison the walls of which let none of the sounds of the world come to your senses—would you not then still have your childhood, that precious, kingly possesion, that treasure-house of memories? Turn your attention thither."

When I included an open book on my Album quilt I thought long on what to write on it. I finally chose these lines from the Eighth Elegy. Having moved when young I found myself for years looking backwards. Homesickness has been a part of my life every since.

Who has turned us round like this, so that,
whatever we do, we always have the aspect
of one who leaves? Just as they
will turn, stop, linger, for one last time,
on the last hill, that shows them all their valley - ,
so we live, and are always taking leave.
You can read the first letter at

From Open Culture, Dennis Hopper reading from the first letter:

The Literate Reader's Fun Fantasy Series: Thursday Next by Jasper Fforde

"Whoever controls metaphor controls fiction."

The Peace Talks are coming up and Thursday Next is missing. Thursday Next works for Jurisfiction, keeping BookWorld in order for readers everywhere. The peace talks with Racy Novel will prevent an all out genre war. Thursday was to head the talks. Is she dead, or lost in BookWorld, or hiding out in the OutWorld? Even her husband Landen Parke-Laine does not know where she is.

The written Thursday from BookWorld is drafted to take her place. Of course the written Thursday does not know everything the OutWorld Thursday knows, so she will pretend that irritable vowel disease prevents her from talking.

Thursday (written) saves the life of a robot named Sprocket. "We tick, therefore we are," he tells her. He helps her evade the notorious Men in Plaid who are out to kills her.( It's Tartan, they will testily correct.) A car chase to evade the Men in Plaid lands Thursday (written) and Sprocket in a dangerous mime field. Luckily they find a way to evade the Mimes.

We gain an inside understanding of the interaction between readers and characters. "Harry Potter was seriously pissed off that he'd have to spend the rest of his life looking like Daniel Radcliff."

You would not believe the crimes committed in BookWorld. In "One Of Our Thursdays is Missing" we learn about the met labs turning out illegal metaphor. And cheese smuggling is endemic. The stinkier the cheese the high the street price.

To BookWorld denizens the OutWorld can break a character down in minutes. Thursday (written) is sent there for 12 hours to find the missing Thursday (real).

"Is it as bad as they say it is?"

"I've heard it's worse. Here in the BookWorld we say what needs to be said for the story to proceed. Out there? Well, you can discount at least eighty percent of chat as just meaningless drivel."

Written Thursday Next can't find Thursday Next. She suffers an identity crisis: could she BE the real deal? As she tries to solve the mystery of the missing Next she travels through the far reaches of literature, into Vanity, Fan Fiction, and Racy Novel itself. She discovers a dirty bomb, that is, a loosely bound coil of badly described scenes of a sexual nature. Had it gone off smut would show up higgily-piggily in literature everywhere!

I have been reading Thursday Next novels every since I saw them advertised in my son's Science Fiction Book Club brochure way back when he was a kid. British novelist Jasper Fforde has written five in the series: The Well of Lost Plots; Lost in a Good Book; Something Rotten; Thursday Next: First Among Sequels; and One of Our Thursdays is Missing.

The BookWorld is full of great wisdom.  Such as the Law of Egodynamics: "For every expert there is an equal and opposite expert." That is SO true!

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Happy Easter

Easter  Morning

One of my first original quilts was this wall hanging. My piecing was not impeccable. I never let lack of skill get in my way. I just went ahead and did it. Practice makes perfect and over time I developed better skills.

We had a pet rabbit for six years. She ran to greet us, bit our ankle if we ignored her and she loved peanut butter. When we went away she would attack anyone who came into the house to feed her.

We have crocus coming up. Spring has been so late here in Michigan that the Easter lilies and hyacinths from the greenhouses are still in bud.

Some years ago I made a 1920s pattern from Sentimental Stitches of bunny children. People always love it.  

A few years ago I got this from my brother.

He made the wood bunny and ate the chocolate one!

Have a wonderful day.

Friday, April 18, 2014

The Rhodes Family Massacre at Tom's Brook

A period of terror and fear.” (from Old Homes of Page County, Virginia by Jennie Ann Kerkhoff)

In the late afternoon on August 11, 1764 the Reverend John Rhodes came to the door of his home in the Shenandoah Valley when he heard shouting from the yard. Before the sun had set the Reverend, his wife, and five of his children had been murdered, and likely scalped, and his home burned.

My fifth great-grandfather, The Reverend John Rhodes (Rhodes, Roads), died in one of a series of “Indian raids” that occurred in the valley. Because he, like the other first European settlers in th valley, was a Swiss Mennonite and a pacifist he would not have used arms to protect his family. His twelve year old daughter escaped and married my fourth great-grandfather Jacob Gochenour.
Mennonite Persecution and Emigration

In the 16th c. some groups began to feel that baptism had to be based on belief. They eschewed paid ministers and prepared sermons and participation in government. They were non-violence pacifists who objected to the swearing of oaths. They would not swear allegiance to the state or bear arms to defend their country's interests. These Anabaptist groups were persecuted across Europe by state churches and governments. Their afflictions included beatings, jailing, loss of property, confiscation of children, and sometimes even death.
The Swiss Mennonites of Lake Zurich in the Canton of Berne were exiled and moved to outlaying smaller towns. In 1650 these capable farmers were invited to the Palatine area in Germany to restore the war-torn, once rich farm land. They paid a fine to live there. Then around 1700 a new ruler ended toleration.

Those who remained in Switzerland were banished in 1710. The Berne Mennonites were allowed to sell their property, if they agreed to take the money and leave forever.
William Penn, the English Quaker who founded Pennsylvania felt a kinship with the Mennonites and welcomed them to settle.

So the Swiss Mennonites left the Palatine and Switzerland. Between 1711 and 1732 thousands of Swiss Mennonites immigrated to Pennsylvania, settling in Germantown outside of Philadelphia and in Berks and Lancaster Counties. Others had left the Palatine for Holland and England, and some became indentured servants to pay for their way to New York State and the Mohawk Valley By 1730 so many Germans had come to Pennsylvania the British colonists worried about “The German Peril.”  From Lancaster some immigrants followed the 'river road' of the Susquehanna River into the Shenandoah Valley.
John Rhodes Immigration

In 1711 the Mennonites in Sumiswald, Canton of Berne, Switzerland were exiled. John Rhodes (in German Hans Derik Roodt/Roth) and his parents Ulrich (born 1680) and Susanna immigrated to America. They arrived in Philadelphia, PA on August 19 1728. They settled in Lancaster, PA.

Pennsylvania was becoming rapidly settled. New lands beckoned. In 1730 John Rhodes and other Swiss Mennonites arrived in the Shenandoah Valley as the first European settlers. Among them were the Strickler, Kauffman, and Gochenour families.
In 1741 John Rhodes purchased 100 acres along the Shenandoah River adjacent to Martin Kauffman's tract. On November 4, 1760 he purchased land from Thomas Palmer of New York, who was granted the Virginia land from Lord Fairfax in 1751. Rev. Rhodes's estate grew to over 400 acres along the Shenandoah River, with his home situated at the mouth of Tom's Brook. The area today is three miles northeast of Mauertown, VA not far from Luray. The Rhodes home was in the shadow of Kennedy's Peak, the highest point in the Massanutten mountains.

For an article with photos on the area see:

The Rev. Rhoads married Eva Catherina Albright in 1740. They had thirteen children. On the fatal day, his eldest son Joseph and two daughters were already in their own homes. The younger children were still at home.
The Massacre at Tom's Brook

They were called Indian Raids. Between 5 and 6 p.m. in August 11, 1764, Simon Girty, “The White Savage” who had committed a string of attacks, led a party of eight Native Americans into the valley and to the Rhodes home. Their intent was robbery. The method was murder.

Rev. Rhodes shot in the doorway of his home. Eva and a son were killed in the yard of the house. The party followed two boys into a cornfield along the river. One boy climbed a pear tree 150 yards from the house, perhaps to hide, perhaps to try to see what was happening. The marauders found him in the tree and shot him. The other boy flew to the river, hoping to cross to safety. He was killed in Tom's Brook, and afterward the area was called Bloody Ford.
The marauders searched the Rhodes home but did not find the money that was hidden in a niche in the cellar wall. They burned the house down with Rev. Rhodes body in it. The money, along with important papers, were found safe afterward.

Twelve year old Elizabeth had grabbed 15 month old Esther and ran into the barn. While a man tried to break into the barn, she went through an opening in the back of the barn and ran through a field of hemp and crossed the river to find refuge in a neighbor's house about four miles away. From there she walked another eight miles to Ida, her baby sister in arms, to the home of her eldest brother Joseph. She told him of the horror that had descended upon their parents and siblings.
Two boys and one or two girls were captured and taken into the Massanutten Mountains. The party was in a hurry to get away. The frightened children could not keep up the pace. First they killed the 7 year old boy who had been ailing. The girl(s) refused to go on and were murdered and left with their brother. Michael alone survived. He was taken to Ohio and spent three years with the Native Americans before a treaty brought his released. He returned home.

Some sources say the family was scalped. The scalps were sold to the French for $15 each. The next day the neighbors came and buried the Rhodes family near the river. Their headstones are now in the Brubaker family cemetery.
Rev. Rhodes father Ulrich died on August 31, 1764.

The Children

  1. Joseph Rhodes was born in 1735 and died in 1766 at Massanutten, August Co., VA. He had a farm in Ida at the time of the massacre. By law he inherited his father's estate. Joseph married Elizabeth Mary Strickler, daughter of Shenandoah Valley pioneer Rev. Abraham Stickler. Abraham immigrated from Zurich, Switzerland around 1705 and came to Chester Co, PA before migrating to the Shenandoah Valley in 1726 with his sons. He was a master weaver and a Mennonite preacher.
  2. Anna was born around 1738 and died on May 6, 1774 in Ohio. In 1758 she married Christian Grove. In 1765 Christian was deeded 116 acres on the North Branch of the Shenandoah by Joseph Rhodes. Christian was born in 1738 in Lancaster, PA and fought in the Revolutionary War. After Anna's death Christian married Ester Musselman, of another early settler family. He died at Woodstock, VA in 1786. The Groves great-grandfather had left Zurich, Switzerland for Lancaster, PA.
  3. Susannah (Susan) Elizabeth was born in 1740. She married Mark (Marcus) Grove, brother to Christian Grove who married her sister Anna. Joseph Rhodes gave Mark 120 acres on the north for of the Shenandoah River at the mouth of Elk Lick Run. After Susan's death Mark married Mary. He died in 1800.
  4. Daniel born 1746 and died in the massacre on August 11, 1764.
  5. David who was born in 1745 and died at age 19 in the massacre on Aug 11 1764.
  6. A son born 1757 and died in the Massanutten mountains on August 11, 1764.
  7. A daughter, perhaps Mary, born in 1754 and died on August 11, 1764.
  8. A son born 1760 and died on August 11, 1764. Likely he was the son with Eva and killed in the house yard with her.
  9. Michael was born May 1, 1749, He was captured and taken to Ohio for three years. On March 26, 1780 he married Anna Strickler, daughter to Benjamin. Benjamin was brother to Elizabeth Strickler who married Michael's brother Joseph.
  10. Esther was born in 1762. She was rescued by her sister Elizabeth. In 1786 she married Dr. Jacob Kauffman. Esther died in 1836. Jacob's father the Rev. Martin Kauffman was one of the earliest settlers in the area. Kauffmans appear in the earliest annals of the Mennonite church.
  11. Elizabeth born July 31 1745 and died August 26, 1818. She married Jacob Gochenour, my fifth great-grandfather.
Elizabeth and Jacob Gochenour

Jacob Gochenour was born near Woodstock, VA, the grandson of the original Gochenour immigrant from Lake Zurich, Switzerland. The Gochenours had been Mennonite for generations, and a Gochenour appears in the annals of Mennonite martyrs. They were converted to Anabaptism by the Peter family.

Elizabeth was deeded 177 acres by her brother Joseph. Her dowry was situated on the east side of the Shenandoah River near Tom's Brook, where her brothers were killed. Jacob bought land across the river near Luray and built a flour mill.
My family tree goes like this:
  1. Gorg or Georg Gochanauwer born 1567 in Fischenthal, Zurich, Switzerland and died in Alsac Lorraine in 1609. He married Maria Weber in 1589.
  2. Jacob or Jakob Weber Gachnouwer born 1605 in Fischenthal, Zurich, Switzerland and married Margarethe Peter whose family were Mennonites and likely converted Jacob to the faith. A 1634 Census for Fischenthal shows Jacob Gachnauer and Margareta Peter with children Jorg age 5, Hannss age 3, Heinrich age 2, and Barbel age 1. War in 1693 drove Jacob and his family to Northern Germany where he settled in Friedrichstadt.
  3. Heinrich Gochenour who was born in 1632 in Frischenthal, Zurich, Swizterland and immigrated with his father to Alsac Lorraine and then to Ibersheim, Hesse, Germany. He was a tailor.
  4. Joseph Gochenour born in Ibersheim in Palatinate Germany in 1673 and immigrated to Hemfield, Lancaster, PA and died there in 1738.
  5. Jacob Gochenour 1715-1771 married Elizabeth Rhoades. He was a literate man who owned ten books. He obtained 400 acres of land. In 1769 he and Jacob Strickler petitioned the House of Burgess for the right to follow their faith and not bear arms but instead would contribute a “proportionable part of their Estates whenever the Exigencies of Government may require it”. A second petition in 1785 asked Mennonites be exempted from military duties. Among the seventy-four Mennonite signatures are the names of Jacob Gochenour, Joseph Gochenour, John (Johannes) Gochenour, and Abraham Gochenour.
  6. Abraham Gochenour born in Alonzville, VA in 1771 and died in 1812. He married Christina Haas, whose father Johann was an immigrant from Germany.
  7. Henry Gochenour 1799-1856 married Barbara Wiseman whose grandfather Johann Phillip immigrated from Germany.
  8. Samuel Gochenour 1826-1901, who served in the Virginia Militia as a Private, Company C, 3rd Regiment, 7th Brigade from July 1861 to September 1861; also from December 1861 at Woodstock, VA; and volunteered March of 1862. The Militia were issued no uniform or arms and usually were employed in manual labor. He married Susannah Catherine Hammon whose grandfather immigrated from Germany. She was a devote Evangelical Lutheran. They are buried in the Mt. Zion Lutheran Church Cemetery.
  9. Henry David Gochenour born in Fairview, VA in 1861 and died in Stonewall, VA in 1924. He married Mary Ellen Stutz whose grandfather immigrated from Germany.
  10. Alger Jordan Gochenour born in Woodstock VA in 1904 and died in Tonawanda, NY in 1955. He married Emma Becker, born in Volhynia, Russia, daughter of immigrant John Becker.
  11. Eugene Vernon Gochenour 1930-2008, my father.