Saturday, January 19, 2019

The Diary of Helen Korngold: January 13-19, 1919

Helen Korngold, December 1919, New York City


Monday 13
Up—Wellston. Class—Dr. Holmes began her lecture. It sounds good. We all cut Shakespeare. Dr. Mck must be raving! Home. Orchestra—a fine rehearsal. Letter from Ruth—Read.

Tuesday 14
Up—Wellston—Class—Dr. Holmes lecture II. I like her. Miss Cozy Cornors & Mr. Atheltia’s party. Home—Dress—lecture—Everybody treats us fine. Summer came. He’s lots of fun. He’s reading my “Without Benefit of Clergy.” Doesn’t like it. I do. Will educate him! Letter from Jewell. 8 pages. Exciting. Home—Bed.

Wednesday 15
Up—dress—eat—Wellston—Class—nothing exciting. Lecture III. Home—eat—dress. Summer took me to War Exposition. Enjoyed it immensely—He’s a nice fellow! A good teaser. He’s a Bostonian propagandist. I love St. Louis! Home—Bed.

Thursday 16
After breakfast—Wellston—Class—good day. Last of Dr. Home’s lecture on Social Ed.—a very fine woman, best lecture of all. Miss Macauley’s tea—she quite fussed me. However--! I can stand it! Home—study—bed. Letter from Lenna King Connley.

Friday 17
After breakfast—Wellston. Kids had good lesson. The boys are cute, but the girls are dull. Class—dancing—home.

Saturday 18
Up—dress—eat—fool around. School. Dr. McCourt is a peach—showed us telescope. Ed. 12—Sip & Margaret Martin & I enjoy that class. Sip giggles all the time. Dr. Usher gave a fine lecture. Junior Council Board meeting & home. Fool around. Bathe. Made date for pop with E.

Sunday 19
Clean up house after breakfast. Dinner. Dress for pop concert. Ernest E. he liked me too well. He’s all right but I don’t fancy him. I amuse myself while with him. Steindel played wonderfully well. Home—eat—Aunt Beryl’s. Home & to bed.

January 13

Professor Holmes Smith, A.M.  taught art education.

Associate Professor of  English William Roy Mackenzie, Ph.D. and Assistant in English Mrs. William Roy (Ethel) Stuart Mackenzie, A.B. both taught at Washington University in McMillan Hall.  The course listing reads:
21. Shakespeare. A close and critical study of six plays: in 1918-19 Twelfth Night, 1 Henry IV, Macbeth, Othello, Winter's Tale, Henry V. Three hours a week. Credit 6 units

January 14

Without Benefit of Clergy by Rudyard Kipling first appeared in MacMillan's Magazine and in Harper's Weekly in June 1890. The story concerns an English Civil Servant in India who falls in love with a Muslim woman. They share a secret life together, outside of society. They have a child, but their happiness ends when the child and ‘wife’ both die. Mixed marriages were not tolerated in Colonial India, and unless the woman converted to Christianity the pair could not have legally married. Thomas Hardy’s novel The Return of the Native was first published in 1878.

The main female character becomes involved in illicit love affairs.

January 15

The War Exposition was a traveling exhibit about Allied efforts during WWI, sponsored by the American Government. An advertisement stated military men could attend free to see “1000s of Relics” from Europe, band music, and a review of the troops. It was held at the Coliseum.

January 16

Martha Gause McCaulley, Ph.D. was Dean of Women and Instructor in English, McMillan Hall, at Washington University.

Lena King Connely was born July 23, 1895, and died Sept. 25, 1989, and is buried in Calvary Cemetery, DeSoto, Jefferson Co., MO.

January 18

Dr. Walter Edward McCourt, A.M. was dean of the School of Architecture and of the School of Engineering. He taught Geography courses and resided at 6060 Berlin avenue. Course description:

General Geology. The principles of geology, including earth structure, forces modifying the surface and structure of the earth, and earth history. Lectures, field trips, and laboratory work. Three hours a week. Open to all students. 6 credits.

Margaret Gray Martin was a student at Washington University

Junior Auxiliary of the Council of Jewish Woman.  Helen attended a national convention of Junior Council while in New York City on December 28.

January 19

The St. Louis Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1880, the second oldest symphony in the country. Max Zach was the conductor at this time. Information about his career can be found at:
Max Steindel
Max Steindel was born in Germany in 1891 and died in 1964 after forty seasons with the St Louis Symphony.

He became lead cellist in1912 at age 21. He was principal cellist for 41 seasons.

The January 19, 1919, St. Louis Dispatch gives the Pops concert program as Tschaikowsky's Variation on a Rococo Theme, Massenet Two Entr-Actes, Clifton's Adagio for Orchestra, and Berlioz Rakoczy March. Index Point_

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Memory Quilts the Modern Way!

This is a memory quilt. It's not the kind of memory quilts I made 28 years ago! It is sophisticated and edgy in design while bringing comfort to family separated by distance. 
Otherwise/Autrement, 45" x 60"
Modern Quilting is all the rage. The use of negative space and graphic design suits contemporary tastes influenced by Mid-Century design. Susanne Parquette shows today's quilters how to mix Modern with sentimental in Modern Memory Quilts: A Handbook for Capturing Meaningful Moments. The twelve quilts in the book are actual commissioned memory quilts made by Paquette, who includes the people and stories behind each quilt.

Many of my friends are Hexie addicts. Here is a Hexie quilt that uses a half-hexagon pattern alternating with full hexies that are fussy cut from a child's clothing. 
Paquette includes advice on how much yardage can be gleaned from shirts in various sizes and quilting cotton.

Quilts can be personalized with embroidery or imagery, as in the quilt below. She used the same pattern with a bird silhouette.

Paquette walks us through the process, beginning with Memory Keeping: remembering, documenting, and perspective. She moves on to Empathy+Design on the "collaborative voice" in memory quilt design. Color Stories addresses color basics. She discusses the tools and construction methods needed to work with clothing.

These memory projects aren't like photographs, they are "hidden in plain sight," blending into the decor.

Striped Half-Square Triangle pillows are very cool and functional. A surprise is the strips of a fur coat! A casual visitor may not recognize them as holding a memory, but the family will recall their loved ones with every use.

The Initial quilt was a "leaving home' quilt for a son going off to college. This is an easy half-square triangle pattern.

My first memory quilts were made from my mother's painting smocks after her early death from cancer. I used traditional quilt blocks. Parquette used a beloved father's clothing in Connect the Dots, made with large quarter-circle blocks alternating with solid square blocks.

Intersections can be made with 10-12 adult clothing pieces or 24-36 baby/child pieces. Here, a pet dog's clothing is included.
Other projects included are a pieced apron, Arabesque, Modern Mandela, an easy Mosiac made of rectangles and squares, bed-sized Arrow quilt.

My mind is filled with ideas! I lost a cousin last year and her children are asking about memory quilts. This book couldn't have come at a better time.

I received a free ebook from the publisher in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.

A Handbook for Capturing Meaningful Moments,12 Projects + The Stories That Inspired Them
by Suzanne Paquette
Stash Books
8" x 10"
128p + pattern pullouts, color
ISBN: 978-1-61745-565-0
UPC: 734817-112662
(eISBN: 978-1-61745-566-7)
 Book ($28.95)
 eBook ($23.99)
Here are memory quilts I have made over the years.

I used my mother-in-law's handkerchiefs and printed family photos on fabric to make this wall hanging.
My first memory quilt used my mother's plaid painting smocks. It was the second quilt I had ever made.
My sister-in-law gave me some lace that had been in her family which I used these two quilts.

Last year I finally finished this quilt made with my father-in-law's shirts.
Another quilt made with mom's painting shirts.
I used my mother-in-law's counted cross stitch embellished clothing to make a dozen pillows for family members. I incuded her handkerchiefs and trims and buttons from her sewing room.
My mother-in-law's niece loved this dress she wore which I turned into a pillow.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

The Only Woman in the Room by Marie Benedict

There is nothing new under the sun. It was true in the Third Century B.C. when the writer of Ecclesiastes wrote it and it is true in 2018.

And some of those perennial truths is that women are valued for their beauty and preyed upon for sex and must fight for equality in their vocations and avocations.

Take Hedy Lamarr, the gorgeous Austrian-born star. Marie Benedict's new historical fiction novel The Only Woman in the Room peels back the Hollywood-packaged icon of female physical perfection and offers us a woman who would be in the #MeToo marches and fighting to be taken seriously as an inventor.

I had seen the fascinating American Masters show Bombshell: The Hedy Lamarr Story and was interested to see how Benedict handled Lamarr's exceptional story. Although I have some issues with the writing, I believe that the importance of bringing Lamarr's story to the general public in an accessible venue is more important. The book is a page-turner, quick and easy to read. It hits all the hot-button issues in contemporary society: Antisemitism, abuse and control of women, the power used by Hollywood moguls over starlets, immigration and refugees. Throw in marriage and divorce, adoption, and single moms. And no, the book is not fiction written to address these issues! Hedy Lamarr's life touched on them all.

If all you know about Hedy Lamarr is her films or "It's Hedley!" from Mel Brooks movie Blazing Saddles, you need to read this book.

Benedict's previous books include The Other Einstein and Carnegie's Maid. Learn more about them here.

I received an ARC from in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.

The Only Woman in the Room
by Marie Benedict
Publication January 15, 2019
ISBN: 978-1-4926-6686-8
Hardcover $25.00

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Big Bang by David Bowman

My Sixth Grade class was in the library that Friday afternoon when Mr. Saffronoff led us back through Northwood Elementary School's ancient hallways to our classroom. We were being let out of school early. The president had been shot. As I walked home alone down the tree-lined street I was filled with vague and unsettling fears. Was America vulnerable and unprotected without the president? 

It would be years before I revisited the America I grew up in, hoping to understand as an adult the events that had shaken my childhood's sense of security--The Cuban Missile Crisis, the assassinations of President Kennedy and later his brother Robert and Martin Luther King, Jr., the Vietnam War and the daily body count on the television news.

At 600+ pages, I was uncertain I wanted to read Big Bang, but the subject matter was too tempting.

The book begins with Jonathan Lethem's essay on his friend David Bowman, calling Big Bang "docu-fiction," "an epic novel about celebrity and power in the postwar twentieth century," a "mammoth project" about "everything and anything" Bowman knew about postwar America. The Foreword ends by telling readers that all of the people and events are based on "true history."

I found a densely woven correlation of events and personages so intricate as to astonish. Bowen had created a literary, "six degrees" link chart of interconnections that is all-embracing. Of course, the Kennedys are central along with all the necessary Washington figures, but also making appearances are J. D. Salinger, William S. Burroughs, Howard Hunt writing pulp fiction and planning the secret invasion of Guatemala, Richard Nixon and his Checkers speech, Carl Djerassi and Robert McNamara in an Ann Arbor book club, Lucille Ball facing the McCarthy House Un-American Activities Committee...

Just to give you a taste.

Bowen suggests that after the Atom Bomb, the second "big bang" to change the world was the Kennedy assassination. It changed a lot of things, for sure. It set off a chain of other political assassinations.

The novel was a journey into the world that shaped me. I have to wonder what my son's generation will make of Big Bang, Millennials for whom the 1950s and 60s are ancient history?

I received a free ebook from the publisher in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.

Big Bang
by David Bowman
Little, Brown and Company
Pub Date 15 Jan 2019
ISBN: 9780316560238
PRICE: $32.00 (USD)

Saturday, January 12, 2019

The Diary of Helen Korngold: January 6-12, 1919

Helen Korngold, December 1919, New York City


Monday 6
Beginning teaching. I suppose I’ll like it—awfully tired. Last night! Class—all OK, Basket ball—lots of fun. Home—orchestra—fellows still discussing Dewey. I should worry. He treated me fine. Eat. Home.

Tuesday 7
Up—Wellston—Class. Things going nicely. Nothing startling. Home. Ellenburg has them bad. But I like Dewey & Summer better. Even M. Block is much more entertaining—on second thought, he’s really a very delightful conversationalist.

Wednesday 8
Rise—eat—Wellston. This is a pretty nice room. Class—Basket ball—it’s awfully rough. Florence F. just naturally tried to bully everyone. Can’t do it. Home.

Thursday 9
Up—Wellston. Kids are funny. I should worry. School. Nothing startling. Home—study—bed. I wish Summer would locate Dewey Pierre Flambert—he won the Distinguished Service Cross & the Legion of Honor, and after doing all that, he actually made a hasty exit out of St. Louis. Poor Dewey. He was so nice.

Friday 10
Up—Wellston. Kids are real enthusiastic—gave them exam. I suppose they flunked. School—unexciting. Home. Summer for dinner. He’s so entertaining—Morris & Sam over in the evening. Very enjoyable. Loaned M. & S. some books. Bed at 11:30.

Saturday 11
Up—eat—School. Dr. U sprang exams. Pretty easy. Why worry—I got an “A” from him! He’s a peach! Nothing special. Home—bath—eat & study & to bed. Party at Cassels house—kids & sophs to Seniors Hockey team. Cute.

Sunday 12
Up—clean up rooms. Study. In afternoon Dan came over. He looks so well. Jewell sent me a beautiful calendar. He’s rather nice I think. But he is too far away from me to be sure about it. Lesson at Aunt Beryl’s. Home.


January 6

K.C. is Kansas City

January 7

Wellston High School, originally located at Ella and Evergreen in Wellston, St Louis, had their first graduating class in 1911.

January 8

Florence Funsten Forbes of 469 Lee Ave, Webster Groves appears on the Freshman class list of the 1916 Washington University Catalog. She graduated from Washington University in 1922.

Genealogies on this family are available at

Florence was the daughter of the beautiful Hortense Funsten who married Arthur Henry Forbes in 1897. Florence was born on October 26, 1898. Her father died on April 19, 1899, in Waco, TX.  The coroner’s death certificate lists the cause of death as “La Grippe.”

After the death of Arthur, Florence and her mother resided with her maternal grandparents Robert Emmett Funsten (born 12/10/1851 in VA and died 1927 in St. Louis) and Charlotte Elizabeth Cook (6/1852 in VA to 9/1922 in St. Louis). On the St. Louis City Directory Robert appears as President of Webster Groves Dried Fruit Company. has his family tree and shows three generations of Robert Emmetts.

In 1905 Hortense married author Herbert Durand, born 1858 in New York, who was a famous author of nature guides and travel books. In 1906 Hortense and Herbert had a son Eugene Funsten Durand. They were wealthy enough that the 1940 New York State Census shows they had a butler and a cook. Hortense died in 1950.
Florence's 1922 passport photo

Florence traveled with her mother and step-father numerous times. Her December 12, 1922, passport application shows Florence was 24 years old, 5’ 6 ½” tall, with a low forehead, grey/blue eyes, short retrousse nose, medium mouth, round chin and face, and had light brown hair. Florence reported no occupation. She was born at St. Louis on October 26, 1898. She reported her father Arthur Henry Forbes was diseased. She had resided at the Graniston Hotel in Bronxville, NY. She was going to Italy, Egypt, Portugal, the British Isles, France, Spain, Constantinople, and Morocco, leaving from the port of New York on the S.S. Empress of Scotland on February 3.

Florence’s grandfather Arthur Page Forbes appears in the Book of St. Louisians. He was born in 1840 in Illinois and moved with his family to St. Louis in 1846. His father moved to Massachusetts in 1852 and served in the Civil War. In 1866 he returned to St. Louis with his family and in 1867 joined Forbes Bros and White tea dealers. In 1869 he married Theresa James and they had a daughter Alice Eliza who in 1869 married William Fitzhugh Funsten, born in Virginia in 1855 and was the owner of Funsten & Co. Furs. Their children included Kenneth Mead, Florence, and Arthur Forbes Funsten, who was father to Mary James, Arthur Henry (father of Florence), Helen Francis, Ruth Rogers and Florence Theresa born in 1874.

The family appears in The Ancestors and Descendents of Colonel David Funsten and his wife Susan Everad Meade.

January 11

Washington University history professor Dr. Roland Greene Usher, Ph.D. from Harvard College, was born in 1880 in Lynn, MA to Edward Preston Usher and Adela Louis Payson. His ancestors can be traced back to the Pilgrim Fathers.

At age 30 he became a professor of History at Washington University.

In 1910 he married Florence Wyman Richardson. They were strong supporters of woman’s suffrage. His most famous work is Pan-Germanism, written in 1913. He accurately foretold events leading to WWI and urged the United States to end isolationism and play an active role in world events. He died in 1957 and is buried in St Louis. He is listed as living at 5737 Cates Avenue in St. Louis.

There were many Cassels in St Louis during this time. See this list for a collection:  

January 12

Beryl Frey, Helen’s maternal aunt, was born in 1875 in Germany and at nine months of age arrived with her family in America. She was a music teacher. She married St. Louis pharmacist Louis Lieberstein. She died in 1929.

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Sugar Run by Mesha Maren

Sugar Run by Mesha Maren. Quilt by Nancy A. Bekofske
From the beginning, I had the feeling that things were not going to turn out well for Jodi.

After serving eighteen years of a lifetime prison sentence, Jodi is free under supervised release. The jails are overcrowded, and she was only seventeen when convicted of killing her girlfriend Paula. She is given a bus ticket and sent into the world to report to her home district parole officer.

Jodi first takes a bus in the other direction, on a mission to fulfill Paula's intent to save her younger brother Ricky from their abusive father. Along the way, Jodi meets Miranda, a needy young mother of three who latches onto Jodi like a drowning woman to a life raft.

This makeshift family--Miranda and her boys and Ricky--travel with Jodi to her home in the Appalachian mountains where she hopes they can find a refuge.

They move into Jodi's grandmother's abandoned cabin where she was raised. As the fracking operation pushes closer to them, Jodi's brothers draw her into their illegal activities. Jodi falls for Miranda who slips back to her dependency on pills. And questions arise about Ricky's past.

In Sugar Run by Mesha Maren, an ominous cloud compelled me to turn pages. Backstory chapters reveal Jodi's story, and Miranda's and Ricky's stories are unraveled. It appears that their futures are mired in decisions made long ago.

The story ends with violence and heartache, but also with hope as Jodi realizes there is a future beyond home and it's web to the past.

This is an impressive first novel with memorable characters and polished writing. 

I received an ARC from the publisher in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.

Read an excerpt at

There is something essential and powerful that keeps me coming back, and
I feel like Jodi and I both realized at some point that although the home
you’ve recalled so vividly during all your years away is a place that only truly
exists in your heart and your dreams, it will always be inextricably a part of
who you are.
from Montani Semper Liberi, an essay by Mesha Maren

Sugar Run: A Novel
by Mesha Maren
Algonquin Books
Publication date January 08, 2019
$26.95 (USA) hardcover
$12.99 ebook
ISBN: 9781616206215
ISBN: 9781616208882

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Art Quilts Unfolding: 50 Years of Innovation

The first time I saw an exhibition of art quilts* it changed my entire concept of what was possible as a quilter. During my 28 years of quiltmaking, art quilts have been a source of inspiration.

I was super thrilled to receive a review copy of Art Quilts Unfolding from Schiffer Publications, a celebration of The Studio Art Quilt Association, founded in 1989 to promote art quilts.

Art Quits Unfolding documents the 50-year history of the art quilt movement, lushly illustrated by the art quilts of each time period.

Timelines for each decade mark the major shows, publications, and venues. The book shares each decade's important artists and their quilts, followed with a gallery of quilts from that time period and articles on the decade's important collections, collectors and publications.
art quilts
Spin Cycle. 1998. 66" x 71". Commercial cotton, hand-dyed and airbrushed cotton. Machine pieced and appliquéd, machine quilted. Photo: James Dewrance. Image from the publisher on Amazon.
The breadth of art quilts embraces the abstract and representational, using traditional quilt materials and techniques and employing non-traditional materials and embellishments.

Piecing, applique, painting, embroidery and thread painting, fabric manipulation, embellishing-- the techniques used have no limits! New technologies have revolutionized the art quilt, such as manipulation of images printed on fabric and programmable longarm quilting. The 94-year-old quilter in my weekly group scans images to print on fabric!

Every quilter and artist will discover techniques, art, and voices to inspire them!
Leonard. 2017. 27" x 37". Hand-dyed cheesecloth, cotton, silk organza. Collection: Roberta Russell Photo: Ray Pilon.
image from the publisher on Amazon
Some of my favorite art quilts appear. I particularly enjoy quilt incorporating words and those which address the human experience. Such a quilt is Chawne Kimber's quilt The One for Eric Gardner, now in the Michigan State University collection. I read Matt Taibbi's book I Can't Breathe about Gardner, and this quilt vividly captures the story.

Velda Newman's Sunflower State
at the Grand Rapids AQS Quilt Show
Many of the quilts and artists included were familiar to me through publications and shows I have attended. But I also discovered many new artists and quilts.

Over the years I attended quilt shows, subscribed to art quilt publications, and bought art quilt books. I tried various techniques. The art quilt movement has been an inspiration to take risks and find my own voice.

Art Quilts Unfolding: 50 Years of Innovation
Sandra Sider, ed.
Schiffer Publications
Size: 8 1/2″ x 11″ | 457 color images | 352 pp
ISBN13: 9780764356261
Hardcover $49

from the publisher:From 1965 through today, the art quilt movement has grown to become one of the most exciting art forms of the 21st century. Until now, there has not been a comprehensive, chronological history of the studio art quilt, which has become an international phenomenon. This feast for the eyes offers full-color images of 400 masterpieces along with engaging interviews and profiles of 58 influential artists, key leaders, important events, and significantcollections. Organized by decade, an additional 182 international artists’ works are featured. An introduction by Janet Koplos, former senior editor of Art in America, and a conclusion by Ulysses Grant Dietz, emeritus chief curator of the Newark Museum, help us to understand the impact and the future of the art. This publication originated with Studio Art Quilt Associates, a non-profit professional organization founded in 1989 and now serving 3,500 members in nearly forty countries.

*I made my first quilt in 1991. A few months later my family was traveling across Pennsylvania when I noted a quilt show, Flights of Imagination held at Donnecker's in Ephrata, PA. I saw my first art quilts and they gave me a vision of what was possible. I worked hard to master traditional quilt skills with my eye on the dream of someday making art quilts.

One of the quilts that most inspired me at that show was Jonathan Shannon's July, a representational quilt that is also surreal with giant sunflowers against a blue background, with fish swimming between the flowers. Is the blue background sky? Water? Are the flowers a reflection?
photo of July by Jonathan Shannon
Flights of Imagination 1992

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

An Anonymous Girl by Greer Hendricks & Sarah Pekkanen

Jessie was supposed to be a number in a university study. It was supposed to be an easy way to make extra money. After seven years in New York City, Jess was struggling, her dream of becoming a make-up artist on Broadway slipping from her hands. So when she sees an opportunity for extra cash, which she knows her family back home desperately needs, she blatantly lies to get into the study.

The study is about morality and choices. Jess is uncomfortable revealing decisions she regrets, but her answers bring her to the attention of Dr. Shields.

Dr. Shields draws Jessie into her confidence, asking her to take the study beyond questionnaires in an empty room and into real-life situations that push Jessie out of her comfort zone. And then Jessie learns about a previous study volunteer who died and discovers Dr. Shields isn't telling the truth.

The story is narrated in two voices, Jessie and Dr. Shields. There are twists and complications in the plot, filling Jessie with doubt about who she can trust.

Having the villain a psychologist is brilliant, a built-in reason for her to understand Jessie with greater insight and thereby easily manipulate Jessie. Jessie is needy but self-reliant and savvy enough to fight back.

An Anonymous Girl is a clever page-turner, a fun ride that keeps readers guessing. Be warned, don't read this before bedtime. It will interfere with your sleep schedule.

Authors Greer Hendricks and Sarah Pekkanen's previous book The Wife Between Us is a New York Times bestseller and best book of the year.

I received a free book from the publisher in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.

An Anonymous Girl
by Greer Hendricks; Sarah Pekkanen
St. Martin's Press
Pub Date 08 Jan 2019
ISBN 9781250133731
PRICE $27.99 (USD)

Sunday, January 6, 2019

The Perilous Adventures of the Cowboy King


Who can resist that pulp fiction era cover art, reserved for stories about daredevil heroes?

Yes--That is Teddy Roosevelt, our 25th president, dressed in his Brooks Brothers uniform, custom-made for his fantasy-come-true chance to play at war on San Juan's hills, his sidekick mascot cougar at his side!

I can't think of any other president so deserving of action hero fame, for TR's life was made up of Big Moments that prove that fact truly is stranger than fiction.

And Jerome Charyon's The Perilous Adventures of the Cowboy King takes readers on a thrill ride of TR's early life.

Born wealthy, son of a veritable saint nicknamed Great Heart, and brother to a self-destructive sybarite. Became a boy state assemblyman, taking on the corrupt New York party machine. Married for love; lost her and his beloved mother on the SAME DAY.  Ran off to the Wild West to work himself into oblivion, facing bad guys and evil Pinkertons. Left little Alice to his sister to raise until, returning home, he reencounters his childhood sweetheart Edith and realizes he has to marry her.

Our hero reenters NYC politics, again goes up against corruption, becoming a royal pain so the politicos send him packing to Washington, DC to be Secretary of the Navy. TR pushes for war in Cuba against the Spaniards, cobbles together a ragtag group nicknamed the Rough Riders who become media darlings. Ignored and maligned, after much suffering and victory, the hero of San Juan Hill is made NY State Governor. Again becoming a royal pain, he is pressured to be Garfield's VP where he, like every other VP, except perhaps Al Gore, rots away. And then Garfield is assassinated.

That's just the first part of TR's life.

You can read any one of several marvelous biographies, many thousands of pages have been written about him. could... go on a jaunt under Jerome Charyn's capable hands and meet the Cowboy King in his own voice. Or do both. Read the scholarly bios, but don't miss the chance to meet Teddy The Cowboy King. It's a rollicking good ride.

I received a free ebook from the publisher in exchange for a fair and unbiased review.
President Roosevelt from The Presidents Quilt
Design by Michael J. Buckingham,
Quilt by Nancy A. Bekofske

The Perilous Adventures of the Cowboy King: A Novel of Teddy Roosevelt and His Times
by Jerome Charyn
W. W. Norton & Company
Pub Date 08 Jan 2019
ISBN 9781631493874
PRICE $26.95 (USD)
The Presidents Quilt
made by Nancy A. Bekofske

Saturday, January 5, 2019

The Diary of Helen Korngold; January 1-5, 1919

This begins my weekly excerpts from the 1919 diary of Helen Korngold, transcribed to the best of my ability, with notes on the people and places mentioned.
Helen Korngold, December 1919, New York City


Wednesday 1
Rise 11:30 A.M.! Oh, such a spiffy time last night. A regular N.Y. Eve. All dolled up in satin clown suit. E.E. proposed—tough luck! Fellows came at 3 AM. Today- Sam, Dewey, Morris & Summer Shapiro, Dewey’s Bostonian friend called. We had lots of fun. All good fellows. I’m sleepy—too much champagne!

Thursday 2
Everybody raved about New Years. So did I. Had good reason to. Classes as usual. Home-Exciting-Handkerchiefs from Ida & army pillow top from Julius K. It’s a beaut. That boy is really thoughtful. I’m so tired! Dewey left for K. C. today—bye-bye. Dewey dear, I don’t expect to see you again. Letter from Herbert in France.

Friday 3
Class—Profs laying it on thick. We should worry. Basketball. Home. That E.E. called up three times. That’s good exercise for him! Going out with him Sun.

Saturday 4
School—taking it easy - Nothing exciting. Summer came over. He’s all fussed about Dewey. Summer seems to be rather fine. Dewey certainly caused a sensation—beat it with $20 gloves & overcoat. I should worry. He was the best company I ever had. Dewey Pierre Flambert! A real hero of war.

Sunday 5
Clean up. Read. Dinner. Rest—bathe—dress. Ernst E. & I go to Syria—then to Cicardi. That fellow knows too many people. Had a regular feast—home in a taxi—pretty soft. Proposal No. 2. To bed at 1:30 P.M. Rested well!

January 1

Ernst F. Ellenberg (born March 1893) appears on the January 17, 1920, St. Louis Census living with his wife Hazel B. and father-in-law Harry Freed, a merchant. 'EE' was employed as a traveling salesman in ladies wear. A marriage certificate shows Ernest F. Ellenberg married Hazel B. Cohen on December 4, 1919. Hazel was 28 years old at the time of her marriage. Harry Freed must be Hazel’s step father.

His WWI Draft Card shows he was married, a ranch manager in “food stuffs”, and working for Paul Ellenberger & McScharff Co. He was of medium build and height with light gray eyes and dark auburn hair. He was claiming ‘physical disability’ but the claim was later withdrawn. Both are in perpetual memory at Congregational Temple Israel in St. Louis October 3-9. The 1910 St. Louis Census shows Paul Ellenberg, age 55, wife Hattie, age 43, and son Ernst, age 7. None were employed. The 1900 St. Louis Census shows Paul, born 8/1854, working as a wholesale paper dealer, and living with wife Hattie, born July, 1865, son Leopold, born July, 1884, and son Ernest F., born March, 1893.

A California Death Certificate shows Ernest F. Ellenberg died on February 1, 1934, in Los Angeles.

Dewey Pierre Flambert won the Distinguished Cross and Legion of Honor. The Distinguished Cross is the second highest honor, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with the enemy force.  I can find no record of his receiving the French Legion of Honor. Born Jan 1, 1898, in New York City, Dewey was living in Montreal, Quebec when he enlisted in the Canadian service on September 26, 1917. His occupation was given as “reporter”. On March 15, 1920, he was listed on the U.S. census as a Private First Class in the U. S. Army General Hospital in Colorado.

Several Morris Blocks turn up in the St Louis Directories of this time period, including 1913 listings for a a family running Chipman Drug Co. on Delmar Blvd and a Morris Block in gent’s furnishings. Others are listed as salesmen or tailors. Several Blocks were Elks Club members, including Ernest, Jacob and A.G. Block. A Morris Block was buried on Sept 6, 1919, in the Mt Sinai, St Louis Cemetery.

Helen attends many Elks activities. The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was founded in 1868 as a drinking club before it expanded into a fraternal service organization. St. Louis had Lodge No. 9, Oriental Lodge No. 976 and Lodge No. 527.

Summer Shapiro’s WWI draft card shows him living in Boston and attending Boston University. His home address was with his mother, Mrs. William (Florence Silverman) Shapiro, in Suffolk MA. Summer was short and slender, with brown eyes and black hair.

He was born January 4, 1899, and died on June 20, 1989. The Boston, MA census of 1900 shows William was an insurance agent, born in Russia in 1873 and wife Florence was born in Massachusetts in 1874 of Russian born parents. Their daughter Ruth was born in 1895. The 1920 census shows Summer was a student who worked in a cotton house and that William was a Real Estate broker born in Poland. The St. Louis Dispatch includes a marriage license application by Summer Shapiro on Feb 16, 1945, he was living at 4497 Pershing. It appears his fiance was Mr. Esther Susman.

Several Shapiros were enrolled in Washington University, including Samuel who was in the class of 1916 and has several family trees on But I do not find a connection to Summer in these trees.

January 2

Julius Koloditsy’s (sometimes Helen refers to him as Jewell) WWI draft card shows he was born in Russia on July 4, 1892, and was of medium height and slender build with black hair and dark brown eyes. His records show he was a Private First Class who served from Sept. 15, 1918, to February 6, 1919.

He was naturalized in 1916. He was living in the Bronx, New York City and worked as a salesman.

On February 9 Helen writes that he was discharged from the service. His naturalization papers showed he was 118 lbs, a salesman, emigrated from Brest-Litofsk, Russia on the S.S. Lapland arriving in 1911. The 1915 New York State census shows him in a boarding house, age 22, working as a clerk. In 1910 he is living with Moses Kocin and family, listed as ‘cousin.’ He was age 27 and a clerk in a hardware store.

He sent Helen an Army 'folder' on February 10; Helen writes it was from “J. Koloditsky of Ashville, N.C.”  Pillow tops, or pillow covers, were common gifts during WWI.

January 5

Syria -A St Louis club

Cicardi’s Restaurant and summer garden; their ad in the 1913 St. Louis Gould’s Blue Book reads, “We cater only to the very best – Italian & French cuisine – Ladies Afternoon Tea Room, card parties, etc.” They were located at Delmar and Euclid in St. Louis. The sorority Pan-Hellenic banquet was held there Dec. 4, 1915. The owner was Augustin J. Cicardi who parents immigrated from Italy in 1857 and ran a grocery. A.J. first established a tavern then added a dining room and garden. He tried to revitalize St. Louis nightlife in the 1920s but his enterprise failed. In later life, he operated small restaurants then a wholesale liquor business.

Friday, January 4, 2019

Helen Korngold's Family History

To better understand Helen's 1919 diary I researched her family tree on I started the first tree for Helen's family.

The Korngold Genealogy

Helen Sarah Korngold was born September 27, 1897, in St. Louis, MO. The diary covers her senior year at Washington University (W.U.) in St. Louis. Helen was preparing to be a teacher, and in the fall of 1919, she taught at Wellston and Maplewood schools.

Helen was an extrovert, as her making numerous friends during her Colorado Springs trip in July proves. She was physically very active, participating on the W.U. basketball team, and enjoying swimming and dancing and participating in other leisure actives such as horseback riding and golf over the year.

In the 1917 Washington University yearbook, Helen appears as a member of the Deutsche Verein Club, which promoted interest in German language, literature, and life. Their annual play was “Der Dummkof,” performed on May 1 of that year.

She was active in her temple’s Sunday School programs, even teaching. Helen often burned the candle at both ends, but still was offered a fellowship by her distinguished history professor Dr. Usher. The lectures Helen attended, and the work of her professors such as Dr. Usher, indicate that she grew up in an open and progressive world.

Helen had loads of dates and admirers, including boys from university, temple, and her high school Central High chums. She was in no hurry to settle down but was driven toward her chosen career. She corresponded with many WWI soldiers, like Jules who sent her souvenir pillow tops and handkerchiefs. She was quite taken by war heroes like Summer Shapiro, who was from Boston, and Dewey Pierre Flambert. But these men were just passing through St. Louis.

Helen’s photo appears in the 1924, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, and 1937 Normandy High School yearbooks. Her degrees included A.B. Washington University, M.A. Columbia University, and the University of Southern California. She worked in Commercial Subjects in the Guidance Department.She also wrote an article, Guidance in Action: A High School Program in St. Louis, which appeared in “The Vocational Guidance Journal."

Helen met and married mathematician Fritz Herzog who taught at Cornell and later at Michigan State University. Helen was 40 years old and Fritz was 37.


The Korngold Family

In 1919 Helen lived on Page Boulevard in St. Louis, MO with her father Jacob B. Korngold, her mother Eva, her brother Karol, and sisters Lavinia, Otilia, and Florence.

Page Avenue was “one of the city’s more prominent east-west thoroughfares,” and named for Daniel D. Page, the second mayor of the city, who had owned considerable land in the vicinity. The houses were substantial brick buildings, typically with four bedrooms and three baths and over 2000 sq. ft. The neighborhood was not far from Forest Park, the site of the St. Louis World’s Fair and adjacent to W.U. new campus.

Jacob Bernard Korngold was born on October 6, 1863, in Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland, the son of Joacha Yocha and Moses Korngold. Jacob immigrated in 1876. He married Eva Frey in 1895. They had seven children in 31 years. He died on August 28, 1939, at the age of 75, and was buried in St Louis, Missouri.

The Book of St. Louisans showed Jacob Bernard Korngold was Republican, the party of Lincoln.

St. Louis had a long history of Jewish presence, and many of her friends outside of W.U. were children of self-made immigrants like her father, men who came to America in the late 1880s and went on to build successful businesses. Jews of German, Austrian, and Polish heritage comprise much of her social network.

The 1920 St. Louis census shows Jacob, Eva (45 Years old), Helen, 22, a teacher in the public school; Karol, at 21 a student; and teenagers Lavinia (17), Otilia (15), and Florence (14). The Korngolds lived in a neighborhood with other immigrants, most from Austria or Russia.

When Eva Frey was born in February 1874 in Indianapolis, Indiana, her father, David, was 33, and her mother, Sophia, was 27. She married Jacob Bernard Korngold in 1895. They had seven children in 31 years. She died on August 6, 1959, at the age of 85, and was buried in St Louis, Missouri.

Eva was born in 1874 in Indiana to parents David Frey and Sophia Herz who was born in 1844 in Lorzweiler, Mainz, German and immigrated in 1866. David was born in Austria and arrived in America in 1865. He died in December 1919, noted in Helen's diary. David and Sophia Frey had seven children, including Bertha Beryl Frey born in Poland in 1875, and died in 1929. Beryl was a music teacher and Helen took lessons with her. Beryle married Louis Lieberstein.

When David Frey traveled abroad on April 28, 1911, he was required to swear out an oath of allegiance that he had lived in the United States since 1880 and was a merchant. He was described as 70 years old, 5’ 5” tall, bearded with gray hair, brown eyes, fair complexion, and straight nose. Jacob Korngold vouched that he had known David for sixteen years.

Jacob and Eva were married on September 10, 1895. The 1901 St. Louis City Directory shows Jacob lived at 1441 Francis St, with his business J.B. Korngold & Co. located at 421 N. Sixth. In 1903 they are living at 3121 ‘Eads’ Ave. By 1908 they were on Page Ave.

The 1912 Book of St. Louisans biographical sketch reports that Jacob B. Korngold was a men’s neckware manufacturer, born on October 6, 1863, in Krakau, Austria to parents Morris and Jocha (Young) Korngold.  On September 17, 1878, he arrived in American on the ship Pomerania out of Austria. He was 15 years old.

The Book of St Louisians: Jacob Bernard Korngold was born in Krakou, Austria and was educated in the public schools there. He immigrated to American in 1877 and married Eva Frey in 1895. He was engaged in the sale of neckware, later learned the trade of cutting neckware. He lived in Tensas Parish, LA until 1891 managing a cotton plantation and mechandise store owned by Lucian Bland. In 1891 he went to Europe and returned to engage in neckware manufacturing.
Jacob first learned the cutting of neckwear and then managed a cotton plantation and store owned by Lucian Bland in Tensas Parish, LA, in the heart of the richest cotton production farmland.

Jacob traveled to Europe and returned on August 15, 1891, on the ship Elbe out of Bremen. He then set up his own business. The 1899 St Louis City Directory lists Jacob B. Korngold of the J.B. Korngold Co. manufacturing neckties.

The Book of Louisians lists Jacob’s organizational ties as Mason, Knights of Pythias, B’nai B’rith and reports that he enjoyed hunting and fishing.

The Knights of Pythias was the first fraternal order to be chartered by an act of Congress and is dedicated to universal peace, by promoting understanding among men of good will. B’nai B’rith, or Children of the Covenant, is the oldest Jewish service organization. The Freemasons is a fraternal lodge.

The St Louis Republic newspaper of February 16, 1903, includes a help wanted ad: “Neckwear Handlers Wanted – Experienced operators, finishers, and turners. J.B. Korngold & Co., Columbia Theater Bldg.” The nine-story Columbia Building was erected in 1892 at 318 N. 8th St.

The 1930 St Louis census shows Jacob working as an insurance agent. Perhaps his business was hurt in the stock market crash of 1929. Helen’s world of 1919 was not to last. The New York City families she visited in December include several who were importers of alcohol; the Volestead Act had passed in January of 1919 and in January 1920 Prohibition of sales, importation, transportation, or production of alcohol began. Other New York City families she visited were furriers. With the Depression could their business have survived?

On the 1930 census, Jacob gave his parents' birth in Poland, not Austria. Living with him were Eva, who listed her father as born in Poland and mother in Germany, and daughters Helen (30) and Otilia (25), who were both teachers.

In 1932 the St. Louis City Census shows Helen living with her family at 5253 Waterman, a few blocks from Forest Park. Otila, also a teacher, lived with Eva and Jacob. Jacob was an insurance salesman. Karol Korngold and his wife Flora were living on 5123 Cabanne Ave. and he worked for the Federal Commerce Trust.
not Jacob Korngold Death Certificate
Jacob died of chronic heart disease on Aug 28, 1939, and is buried in United Hebrew cemetery. Jacob’s death certificate shows he was a Real Estate Agent.  Helen’s mother Eva died on Aug 6, 1959, of cerebral thrombosis and is also buried in United Hebrew cemetery. Both have perpetual Memorials at United Hebrew, Jacob August on 29 and Eva on August 8.
Helen's siblings included:

Florence Miriam Korngold born August 22, 1905, and died June 21, 1995. In 1927 she married sportswear manufacturer Harry Reichman and they had two children: Nelson born in 1937 and Fred born 1931 and died 2012. The 1929 Frank Louis Soldan High School yearbook The Scrip lists alumni Florence Reichman as graduating in 1925. Harry’s WWI draft card shows he was of medium height and build with brown eyes and black hair and working as a clerk.

Lorine Esther Korngold married Harry Mendelson (1895-1888). The 1930 census shows Harry was a salesman for a hat broker, living with Lorine and son David. The 1940 census shows Harry was an insurance broker living with Lorine, son David, and a servant in University City, St. Louis. Lorine recorded a cello piece in 1921 and a notice appeared in the 1921 Central High School yearbook. She appears on a 1956 passenger list to England. She died March 14, 2001, in St. Louis.

Otilia Hannah Korngold was born in April 1904 and died on July 24, 2001. She appeared on the alumni list of Frank Louis Soldan High School. She attended Harris Teachers College in St. Louis and graduated in 1925. She received a B.A. from Washington University in 1936, and is listed as a deceased alumnus in the Fall 2001 Washington University Magazine.
Harris Teachers 1925
1925 Graduating Class of Harris College included Otilia Korngold offers pictures of Harris Teacher’s College

A September 3, 1926, Passenger List shows that Helen and her younger sister Otilia, age 22, arrived in New York City on the SS Rotterdam out of Southampton, England. Their address was 5253 Waterman, St Louis, MO.

The St Louis City Directory of 1932 shows Helen and Otila, both teachers, living with Jacob and Eva at 5253 a Waterman St.

Otila was 38 years old when she married Benno Albert Feuer, who was born June 1909 in Rotterdam, Holland in and arrived in American in 1931 at age 22.  In 1934 Benno became a Naturalized Citizen. Benno and Otila appear in the Enid, OK 1960 city directory which shows Benno was Assistant Vice President of the Continental Grain Co.

Ruth Korngold was born July 1900 and died of diphtheria in Oct 1904. Joseph Jonathon Korngold was born Dec. 24, 1907 and his death certificate showed he died July 16, 1913, of acute perforative appendicitis.
Karol Abraham Korngold
Karol Abraham Korngold  
Helen frequently mentions her beloved brother. Karol Abraham Korngold was born Nov. 8, 1898, and died on October 3, 1971. His WWI draft card records state that he was of medium height (5'9") and build (140 lbs) with blue or grey eyes and fair hair (brown). A soldier’s database of WWI lists Private Korngold’s assignment as “S.A.T.C.” or Student Army Training Corps.  (Students Army Tng C, Washington University, St. Louis MO to discharge). Karol was on the Jewish Welfare Board of Trustees.

Karol received a degree in law from Washington University in 1920. The 1930 census shows Karol was a lawyer living with his wife Flora (born August 1901 in St Louis and died in October 1985) and daughters Judith and Ruth in their $10,000 home. Karol A. died on Oct 10, 1971, and is buried in Mt. Sinai Cemetery. Flora died in October 1985. Both are in perpetual memory at Congregational Temple Israel in St. Louis October 3-9.

Helen and Fritz Herzog

Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Korngold, 5253 Waterman Boulevard, have announced announced the marriage of their daughter. Miss Helen, and Fritz Herzog, which took place Tuesday, Sept. 21. The bride received her M. A. degree from Washington University, University, and now is employed as head of the commercial department and director of vocational guidance at the Normandy High School. Mr. Herzog received his Ph. D. degree from Columbia University, New York, and at present is a member of the staff of Cornell University.

In October 1937 Helen married Fritz Herzog. Helen was 40 years old. Fritz Herzog was born in Poland (Posen on his death record) on December 6, 1902. He studied at the University of Berlin from 1928 until 1933. As a Jew, he was expelled from the university and immigrated to the United States to continue his education. On July 27, 1933, he arrived at New York City on the S.S. Washington out of Berlin. The Passenger List states that he was 30, a student, from Pozman, Poland and was Hebrew.

Fritz attended Columbia University and gained his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1934 with his dissertation Systems of Algebraic Mixed Difference Equations. He worked for the Smelting & Refining Company for two years as a statistician. From 1938 to 1943 he was in electrical engineering research at Cornell University.

The 1939 Ithaca, NY City Directory shows Helen as Mrs. Fritz Herzog, working at Cornell University as a “research elec. Assn.”  The April 1940 Ithaca, NY City Directory shows Helen married to Fritz Herzog. Helen was 42 years old. The 1940 U.S. Census for Ithaca, NY shows Friz was a college professor with a four-year college degree, living in rented housing, and married to Helen Sarah Herzog. Fritz earned $1650 a year and had worked 11 hours the previous week. Helen worked as a clerk at the university earning a salary of $0 a year and had worked 63 hours the previous week.
Helen, Fritz, and Helen's niece in 1957

In 1941 and 1942 Helen appears in the Ithaca, New York city directory as a clerk.

By 1945 Helen and Fritz had moved to East Lansing. In 1956 and 1959 she appears in the East Lansing city directory working as a clerk at Michigan State University and Fritz is a professor at MSU.

Fritz spent the remainder of his career teaching at Michigan State University in East Lansing, MI. He was a visiting professor in 1943 and an associate professor in 1946. Along with Michel G. Malti he solved an important problem in dynamo research. MI. Fritz was also known for his involvement in undergraduate education. I am sure that Helen was very involved with this interest. Michigan State University’s Herzog Prize competition honors Fritz, who “devoted significant efforts at undergraduate education and helped successfully prepare students of the Putnam exam” according to a June 2010 MSU press release. Fritz and Helen appear in the 1945 East Lansing, MI City Directory. The 1984 Directory show they lived at 1532 Cahill Dr, East Lansing. photo source

In 1969 Fritz was awarded the Past Distinguished Faculty award in Natural Science.

Helen passed on July 25, 1988. Fritz died of prostate cancer on November 21, 2001. Helen’s diary from 1919 ended up in a South Lansing, MI flea market shop.
Helen with her niece in 1957

Sadly, Helen's one pregnancy was unsuccessful. Her great-niece told me the family adored Helen and her husband. They were fun and loving.
The Helen Korngold Quilt

I created the Helen Korngold Quilt using scanned diary pages, St. Louis postcard images, embellished, and hand quilted. The quilt appeared in a show at the Michigan Woman's Historical Museum in East Lansing. When Helen's sister's granddaughter contacted me I sent the quilt and the original diary to her to share with her mother.
The Helen Korngold Quilt by Nancy A. Bekofske
Scanned diary pages and historic postcards
embellished, hand quilted
More about Fritz's career:

Fritz Herzog (6 December 1902 to 21 November 2001) was an American mathematician, known for his work in complex analysis and power series. He was born in Germany and studied at the University of Berlin until 1934 when he moved to USA. He received his Ph.D. degree at Columbia University on a thesis entitled Systems of Algebraic Mixed Difference Equations advised by Joseph Ritt (1934). Herzog was an electrical engineering research associate at Cornell University (1938-43), working with Michel G. Malti on dynamo research. Together they solved an important electric power problem on balancing dynamos, which had remained open since the days of Michael Faraday a century before. Most of his career was spent at Michigan State University (1943-73), and the Fritz Herzog Prize Endowment Fund was established in his honor. Herzog died at East Lansing of prostate cancer. He had a wife named Helen Herzog. ( Wikipedia )
Electrical engineering building

A footnote in the May 1971 Vol. 78, No. 5 The American Mathematical Monthly states, “Fritz Herzog received his Columbia University PhD. under J.F. Ritt."